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Considerations For Coastal coatings Part I of III

May 15, 2007

INTRODUCTION
The current mass migration to the coast
is producing a boom in the construction
industry. Most of this construction will need
some type of paint or coating on the exterior.
In addition to the suggested coating systems
for various exterior materials, alternative
corrosion-resistant materials are
also mentioned in this article.
The types of paint or coatings,
surfaces being painted, ambient
conditions, and application methods
appropriate for coastal environments
are the focus of the article.
Modern paints are thin film coverings
that are typically applied at 3
mils (0.003 inches) or less dry film
thickness (DFT) per coat and are used
for routine painting. Coatings are heavier
film coverings that are usually
applied at greater than 3 mils DFT and
are generally associated with high-performance
coating systems. Since coastal environments
require high-performance materials,
the term “coating” will be used predominately
in reference to those materials.
While the same types of coating failures –
delaminating, cracking,
blistering, alligatoring,
crazing, etc. can occur inland,
these failures tend to occur sooner, at
a faster rate, and at a more severe level on
the coast.
Theoretically, the U.S. Navy should represent
the ultimate in experience regarding
protective coatings in a coastal environment.
I recall Mary Kay’s Side Painters from
my Navy days back in the 1950s.
(I do not believe this Mary Kay is related to
the cosmetic company, although both are
involved in cosmetics of some sort.) Mary
Kay worked out of Hong Kong, and her
group would paint a ship from the top of the
mast to water line for payment in food
scraps from the
crew’s mess hall
and for various
and sundry
trash, scrap,
and other
disposable
This article will be presented in three parts. Part I provides an analysis of types of paints and coatings. In Part II, surface preparation
and application will be discussed. Part III will examine suggested painting/coating systems for coastal environments.
MA R C H 2007 I N T E R FA C E • 2 7
Figure 1 – Mary Kay’s
Side Painters.
items (see Figure 1). This painting was not
exactly high tech. There was little or no surface
preparation, and the Navy furnished
the oil-based paint. Often, dirt, rust, and
salt particles were painted over. The
painters used mostly pads of gauze, since
rollers and brushes were a novelty to them.
Surface crafts were painted gray to blend
with the horizon. I served in submarines
(diesel and nuclear), which were painted
black to blend with the ocean depths. The
side painters wanted to paint our sub, but
subs did not carry paint because it was
flammable, and the painters did not have
black paint. The ships that did get painted
probably looked fine until they reached
homeport or encountered heavy seas.
Using lead paint was the extent of the
high technology then. Of course, this was
before the Navy became aware of or
responded to the hazards associated with
lead paint. Now, the lead paint taboos have
been replaced with modern high solids and
low Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) coatings
that include epoxy, polyurethane, and
high-performance acrylic. More than 20
years ago, the propellers of Coast Guard
icebreakers were coated with a 100 percent
solid polyurethane that repelled the buildup
of shell life while resisting contact with
ice. Epoxy works especially well in resisting
the acidic conditions that are produced
when the soot from “blowing the boilers”
mixes with ambient moisture.
Before a coating can do its thing, it has
to stick and stay stuck. Anything less is failure.
The three most important factors that
should be considered to ensure success are:
• Coating selection
• Surface preparation
• Application of materials
These three aspects complement one
another. Of the three, the specifier or
designer has the most control over the
selection of materials. Although surface
preparation and application parameters can
be specified, they are useless unless they
are strictly enforced. Enforcement through
inspections or rejection after the fact comes
at a cost. However, this cost can
reap rewards to the owner
through improved aesthetics,
and more importantly, performance.
Routine maintenance after
application is a factor also, but
is not the direct responsibility
of the designer. However, the
owner’s maintenance program
should be given some consideration.
As time passes, finishes
do require periodic maintenance
(spot priming, touch up,
cleaning, etc.) to prolong their
useful life. The need for such
maintenance will only increase
over time. All coating systems
will require maintenance, and
some will require it sooner,
more often, and more intensely
than others. Routine and
scheduled maintenance is even
more of a factor in coastal environments.
If it is suspected that
the owner is maintenance challenged,
then corrosion-resistant materials
or very high performance coatings should
be used.
PART ONE – SELECTING A COATING
No single protective coatings system is a
panacea for all situations. When I was first
learning construction specifications and
protective coatings in particular, I contacted
a painting representative from a major
manufacturer for assistance on a paper mill
project. After the representative had made a
recommendation, I proudly presented it to
my supervisor and mentor, Bob Gaddis, for
review. I then learned that this particular
product representative thought that an
organic zinc primer and high-build epoxy
polyamide was the solution for all coating
situations and would probably use it to
paint a baby’s crib.
Well, Mr. Gaddis liked to conduct experiments,
and he used sodium hydroxide to
create the caustic conditions similar to
what was expected to be experienced at the
project site. Carbon steel was coated with
the recommended system and then exposed
to the simulated conditions. To my astonishment,
the system soon took on the initial
appearance of a failing coating – blistering,
discoloration, and puckering. Mr. Gaddis
was an excellent teacher and mentor, and
the lessons learned from that experience
have stuck with me for over a quarter of a
century.
Figure 2 – Stainless steel railing corrosion. (Photo
courtesy of TMR Stainless.)
28 • I N T E R FA C E MA R C H 2007
WHEN IT COMES TO
PROTECTION FROM
ENVIRONMENTAL ELEMENTS
(ESPECIALLY COASTAL
CONDITIONS), ONE OF THE
BEST METHODS IS TO USE
CORROSION-RESISTANT
MATERIAL.
Protective coatings are the first barrier
that the ambient conditions (weather,
chemical fumes, or splashes, etc.)
encounter in their quest to reach a substrate.
In the world of real estate, the key
phrase is – Location! Location! Location! In
protective coatings, the phrase is –
Preparation! Preparation! Preparation!
When it comes to protection from environmental
elements (especially coastal conditions),
one of the best methods is to use
corrosion-resistant materials, such as
stainless steel, galvanized steel, Galvalume,
terne metal, aluminum, bronze, copper,
fiberglass-reinforced plastic (FRP), and simulated
wood.
However, this approach may not always
be practical, especially when tight budgets
are a factor or the latest color in vogue is
desired. When this is the case, coating systems
must be considered.
As a note of caution, not all stainless
steel is suitable for the coast. Type 304 and
306 are probably the most common stainless
alloys, but they tend to pit and discolor
and generally do not perform as well in
coastal environments as other alloys such
as type 316 or 416. Use the correct product
for the correct condition. When stainless
steel is used within 300 feet of the coast,
then a more corrosion-resistant alloy than
type 304 or 306, such as type 316 or 416,
should be used, and it should have a
smooth finish and receive frequent rinsing
with fresh water. Figure 2 shows a Type 304
stainless steel railing that was exposed to
continuous salt spray.
Paper mills can create a very corrosive
environment, even with current emission
standards. There are situations where the
exterior ambient conditions inland can be
as corrosively aggressive as a coastal location.
Thus, the materials and protective
coatings used on exterior materials of a mill
in Potlatch, Idaho, could be the same as for
a paper mill in Georgetown, South Carolina.
However, a school or hospital in Miami
Beach, Florida, should have a more corrosive
and UV-resistant exterior coating system
than a school or hospital in Tulsa,
Oklahoma.
Many of the protective coating concerns
such as UV, wind, various forms of moisture,
etc., that apply to coastal conditions
apply to other locations. Developing protective
coating systems for a normal environment
can be difficult. However, a coastal
environment has other elements tossed into
the equation. These elements include, but
are not limited to, moisture, wind, salt, and,
in our southern latitudes, heat and ultraviolet
(UV) light. The coastal areas in northern
latitudes also get a dose of freeze-thaw
conditions and freezing rain.
To compound the equation even more,
some manufacturing facilities are located
along the coast; and, even while remaining
within EPA guidelines, some of these facilities
can discharge some really rough chemicals
into the atmosphere. Thus, ambient
conditions resemble a witch’s brew. The
descriptions under the following conditions
are not all-inclusive and are intended to
give the reader a starting point for analysis.
Prevailing winds
Prevailing winds can affect one elevation
of a structure more than another elevation
of the same building by carrying and depositing
damp, salty air or corrosive particles.
Evaluate the site to determine if this is
a factor. If it is, preparations must be made
either to coat the areas exposed to prevailing
winds (Figure 3) or to use a more corrosion-
resistant coating. The best practice is
to treat all exposures as if they were subjected
to the worst conditions. With today’s
color technology, it is usually possible to
match the color of different generic coatings.
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Material to be coated
Some materials respond better to one
type of coating than to another. For
instance, oil-base paints are not normally
recommended for direct application to
cementitious substrates because saponification
can develop from the reaction of the
oil in the paint with the free lime in cementitious
substrates. Saponification is the
same reaction that occurred when Grandma
mixed lye with fat to make soap. Painting
carbon steel with some of the waterbase
paint can cause rust bloom as the
water in the latex paint reacts with the
steel.
Some water-base paint can be applied
directly to steel, but this should be verified
with the coating manufacturer. Steel is usually
susceptible to corrosive attack from
both acidic conditions (pH less than 7) and
caustic conditions (pH more than 7).
However, cementitious products such as
concrete tend to resist attack from caustic
conditions, but not from acidic conditions.
In most situations, epoxy coatings
would not be a good choice for wood
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because wood can experience significant dimensional
changes during moisture fluctuations, and epoxy is too hard
and not resilient enough to accommodate the wood’s movement.
Cementitious materials can pose special problems
because they are reservoirs for moisture, and the more
porous the material, the larger the reservoir. This is a difficult
problem in any region, but it is especially acute in
coastal regions where there is an abundance of moisture and
because the moisture often contains salt particles.
Plugging up the voids in the masonry with a filler
reduces the size of the reservoir. However, the filler should be
breathable to allow moisture to escape. This is especially
true if the building design does not provide for drainage,
such as solid masonry construction. Cavity walls that are
properly weeped and vented usually provide adequate drying.
When it comes to moisture movement, think high to low
(high temperature to low temperature; high humidity to low
humidity; and high point to low point). Moisture tends to
move from points of high temperature to points of low temperature.
The greater the temperature difference between
Figure 4A – Mild efflorescence on brick.
Figure 4B – Efflorescence on brick.
32 • I N T E R FA C E MA R C H 2007
the high and low areas, or the more moisture
that is held in the cementitious material,
the greater the force behind the moisture
movement. This force is analogous to
vapor pressure. If a painted surface stops
this moisture movement, something has to
give, and it is usually the coating in the
form of some type of delamination.
A coating can stop water from entering
(water resistant) and still allow the substrate
to breathe (breathable). Typically,
acrylics are very good at this, while alkyds,
epoxies, and polyurethanes are not. Some
epoxy coatings are modified to allow breathing.
These coatings offer the water resistance
of epoxy to repel wind-driven rain,
plus the color stability and breathable properties
of acrylic.
Cementitious materials, including the
mortars, usually contain free salts that are
picked up by moisture movement. When
moisture reaches the surface, it can deposit
the free salt that can attack an improper
primer or filler. Whether the white stains
are hidden by a coating or are visible as
white streaks, it is called efflorescence as
shown in Figures 4A and 4B. Since it is
dependent on moisture, efflorescence may
be more abundant along the coast. An alkaline-
resistant primer should be used to
resist the salt deposits. Additionally, oilbase
primers should not be applied directly
over cementitious substrates because they
can lead to saponification.
Wood can be a difficult substrate to coat
because it is a very dynamic material and
can react significantly to moisture changes.
What do we find in abundance on the
coast? Moisture! Thus, coatings used on
wood should retain their flexibility.
Both oil and acrylic coatings perform
satisfactorily on the coast because they
tend to remain somewhat flexible, while
epoxy and polyurethane are significantly
harder and tend to crack from the wood’s
movement.
Moisture is a natural enemy of wood,
and many professionals believe that waterbased
coatings should not be used as a
primer in direct contact with wood, especially
in exterior applications. Actually, this
is a common opinion shared by many historic
preservationists. Using oil-based
primers is a safe practice; however, some of
the national coatings manufacturers produce
water-based, 100% acrylic coatings
that can be safely applied directly to wood.
Verify before using. Since the coatings that
work best on wood (such as polyurethane)
are not the coatings that are associated
with long-term, high performance, maintenance
painting will usually start sooner and
be more vigorous. This can present a problem
for a church that has a steeple so high
that only angels can reach the top. In this
case, simulated wood trim might be in
order. This might not satisfy a purist, but
when it is so high, only the carpenter will
know. These materials have a strong resemblance
to wood, and some manufacturers
will warrant simulated wood against the
usual shortcomings of wood, such as warping,
bowing, buckling, cracking, splitting,
failure to accept field-applied finishes, failure
to bond, and dimensional instability.
Surface temperatures
Surface temperatures are critical during
and after application. If surfaces are too
hot during application, the coating can
flash off before a bond occurs. If surfaces
become too hot after application, delamination
can occur. Product data sheets usually
list surface temperature for application and
for service.
MA R C H 2007 I N T E R FA C E • 3 3
Proximity to the coast
Corrosive properties of air
become more aggressive closer
to the coast. Salt deposits from
sea breezes and fog are some of
the bullies on the corrosive
block, and they can be tough
characters to deal with for all
but the very high performance
protective coatings. (See Figure
6.)
Immersion, splash, or spillage
Although more characteristic
of an industrial environment
where protective coatings are
exposed to corrosive chemicals,
coatings in a marine environment
can be exposed to immersion,
splash, and spillage. For
instance, the base of a handrail
installed along a coastal or harbor
pier may experience immersion
conditions produced by
high waves that are brought on
by strong winds, fast boats, high
tides, etc. However, the cross
bars of the same handrail may
experience splash or spillage
conditions. While a coating suitable
for splash and spillage may
not be suitable for immersion
conditions, it would be very prudent to
select a product suitable for the most
extreme conditions expected. Product data
sheets usually mention performance in
these conditions.
Types of chemicals and their concentration
Chemical-resistance charts for various
coatings list not only chemicals the coatings
resist, but also their concentrations. These
charts should be referenced for all conditions,
especially for coastal and industrial
environments.
What kinds of conditions can be expected
along the coast? While exterior environments
everywhere tend to share most of the
listed conditions periodically, coastal locations
can frequently experience all of them.
Additionally, coastal locations in southeastern
latitudes can significantly
amplify the effects of these conditions.
• Fog
• Rain
• Heat
• Wind
• Pollution
• Humidity
• Salt spray
• Ultraviolet light
• Sea gull feces (mixed
with water, produces an
acid mixture that can
devour galvanizing)
• Heavy condensation
• Snow, sleet, and freezing
rain
At seaports, raw materials
may be stored in bulk storage.
The types of materials being
stored must be considered since
they can be in direct contact
with a substrate. For instance,
sugar is sometimes stored in
bulk form in large buildings that
are ventilated only by ambient
air. Thus, interior temperatures
and humidity can approach
those of the exterior. When
mixed with moisture, raw sugar
can severely damage unprotected concrete,
especially in damp conditions produced by
humidity and condensation. Therefore,
coatings resistive to sugar, such as epoxy,
should be considered. Always refer to the
manufacturer’s chemical resistance charts
for the coating being considered.
SHOP-APPLIED PRIMERS
The value of a good shop primer should
not be overlooked because it will be the only
protection for the metal before it receives
the finish coats at the jobsite. It makes no
sense for the metal to arrive on site with
rust and corrosion already starting. It will
start soon enough along the coast, so why
give it a head start (Photo 6)?
When carbon steel is to be shop-primed
prior to delivery, the shop primer should be
specified. Ideally, the shop primer should be
by the same manufacturer as the fieldapplied
coatings. This will help to ensure
coordination and compatibility between the
shop primers and the field-applied coatings
and can narrow responsibility and eliminate
finger pointing if there is a failure. Also,
knowing the shop primer can be beneficial
in selecting the field-applied touch-up
34 • I N T E R FA C E MA R C H 2007
WHILE A COATING SUITABLE FOR
SPLASH AND SPILLAGE MAY NOT BE
SUITABLE FOR IMMERSION CONDITIONS,
IT WOULD BE VERY PRUDENT TO SELECT
A PRODUCT SUITABLE FOR THE MOST
EXTREME CONDITIONS EXPECTED.
Figure 5 – Lighthouse with discolored paint.
primer. Usually, steel fabricators
purchase shop
primer in huge quantities,
often by the tank car, and
the quality of these primers
can range from excellent to
poor. Some fabricators may
be operating on a very tight
profit margin or may have
bid a project too closely.
When this happens, there is
temptation to use an
unsuitable primer that is
just good enough to protect
the steel until it gets out of
the shop before rust blooms
pop up.
Fabricators also like
fast-drying primers so that
the steel can be handled as
quickly as possible.
However, a characteristic of
many fast-drying coatings –
especially primers – is they
can flash off before establishing
a bond. This is especially
true when they are
applied by an inexperienced
applicator. Premature
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MA R C H 2007 I N T E R FA C E • 3 5
Figure 6 – Shop primer failure.
flash-off is a guarantee of primer delamination
and, with that, failure of any topcoat
sticking to the primer. I have seen shop
primers delaminate while the steel is being
handled in the shop and before it is ever
loaded on the truck. Some of the most
important characteristics of an ideal shop
primer include, but are not limited to:
• Fast drying
• Good wet-out
• Strong adhesion
• High abrasion resistance
• Fast moisture resistance
• Excellent corrosion resistance
• Compatibility with expected topcoats
Since a shop primer provides the only
protection until the topcoats are applied, it
must be able to offer protection as soon as
possible and continue to provide that protection
until the finish coats are applied.
Unfortunately, coatings do not offer full protection
from routine handling and the environment
until they are fully cured. Uncured
coatings are usually more permeable than
cured coatings. Consequently, slow curing
primers could leave steel vulnerable to a
corrosive atmosphere. The time required to
reach the various states of curing can vary
and is normally listed in the product data
sheets and on the container. The time to
reach full cure can run from approximately
a week or less for alkyd, epoxies, and
polyurethanes, and up to 30 days for
acrylics. However, for shop-applied primers,
the critical time is from application until the
primed item can be handled. The following
terms are often used to describe the various
states of curing for primers and finish
coats:
• Tack Free: Dust will not stick to
coating.
• Dry to Touch: Touching with a finger,
using weight of hand, will not
leave a fingerprint.
• Dry to Handle: Can be carefully
handled or staged on dunnage without
damaging the primer.
• Dry to Recoat: A topcoat can be
applied without volatiles being
trapped between the coats.
• Full Cure: Full bond strength and
hardness have been reached and
maximum protection is provided.
The painted item should not be put
into service before full cure.
Zinc-rich primers are usually considered
to be the ultimate in primers, especially
inorganic zinc primers. Because of inorganic
zinc’s sacrificial properties that rival
those of hot-dipped galvanizing, inorganic
zinc can exceed the performance of organic
zinc and epoxy primers when left exposed to
weather. If the primers are coated, then systems
consisting of inorganic zinc, organic
zinc, or epoxy primers will perform similarly
as long as the finish coats remain intact.
If the finish coat is breached, then the inorganic
zinc has the advantage. Organic zinc
primers are more forgiving in their application.
They can be top-coated sooner, and
they can be touched up with organic zinc.
Inorganic zincs can be fussy to apply; they
cannot be touched up with inorganic zinc
until they have aged. Like galvanized steel,
they usually must be aged prior to top-coating.
Until recent years, a wash vinyl was the
preferred primer for galvanized steel.
However, technology has produced multipurpose
or universal primers that are very
effective. Additionally, some finish coats
such as epoxies and 100 percent acrylics
are self-priming over galvanized steel.
Typically, shop primers come in red
(actually, a terra cotta color) and white,
with an occasional gray tossed in for variety.
Zinc-rich primers can come in a green
tint. White has the advantage of contrasting
surface dirt, rust bloom, thin spots, holidays,
and, to a lesser extent, irregular surface
preparation. Conversely, everything
seems to blend in with red. The common
and critical defects highlighted by a white
primer must be addressed in the field prior
to applying a finish, especially in coastal or
corrosive environments.
SHOP-APPLIED FINISHES
When considering protective coating,
whether for a coastal environment or elsewhere,
attention usually focuses on the
conventional liquid coatings that are
applied in the shop or field. Other than
these conventional coatings, two other coatings
are anodized aluminum and powder
coating.
Most finishes, from alkyd to epoxy, can
be applied in the fabricator’s shop, as long
as their application does not interfere with
production. Tonnage is the name of the
game. When a complete system is applied in
the shop, it may be a good idea to make the
steel erector responsible for all costs associated
with repairing shop-applied finishes
that are damaged during erection. This
36 • I N T E R FA C E MA R C H 2007
tends to encourage better handling and
erecting procedures. Three very common
shop-applied finishes that deserve special
notation are anodized aluminum, Fluoropolymer
(sometimes referred to as Kynar®),
and powder coating.
Anodized Aluminum Finishes
By itself, aluminum offers reasonably
good resistance to weather and corrosion,
but it forms a white powder soon after exposure
to oxygen and will eventually form pits
when exposed to weather. When aluminum
is exposed to oxygen, aluminum oxide
forms on the surfaces to provide a protective
coating that prevents
further corrosion
as long as the
oxide is intact. This
process is different
than the oxide (rust)
that forms on steel that
allows it to continue to
rust. However, the oxide
that forms on aluminum is
relatively thin and is loosely
bonded to the aluminum.
Anodizing is an electrochemical
process that enhances the
naturally occurring oxide by
making it thicker, tougher, and
harder. Anodizing also improves
adhesion. Actually, the hardness of
anodized aluminum rivals that of a
diamond.
The oxide that occurs on the surface
is a form of coating. Since it is an oxide
of the metal, it is also a part of the metal.
Additionally, since anodizing improves the
naturally occurring oxidation, anodizing
can be considered a coating. It is also a part
of the aluminum and is not a hazardous or
harmful byproduct, and does not discharge
hazardous or harmful byproducts.
Key advantages of anodizing are corrosion
and abrasion resistance, long-term
durability, aesthetics, and environmental
friendliness. Aluminum coils, extrusions,
and roll forms can be anodized. Unlike conventional
coatings that offer a very wide
range of colors and gloss levels, anodized
aluminum is normally available in somewhat
limited colors that include clear,
black, bronze, dark bronze, champagne,
and white. There are some fabricators that
can provide a much wider range of colors.
Standard AAMA 607.1 is frequently
used to specify clear anodized aluminum
and AAMA 608.1 for colored anodized aluminum.
The two common classes for
anodized architectural metals are Class 1
and Class 2. The primary difference
between the two classes is thickness, which
is determined by the amount of time the
aluminum is in the treatment baths. Class
1 is minimum 0.018 mm or thicker and
Class 2 is minimum 0.010 mm thick, and
these thicknesses apply to both clear and
colored anodizing.
• Anodized aluminum finishes can be
difficult-to-impossible to touch up.
These finishes can be used on most
aluminum surfaces, including
extrusions used for storefront framing
and sheet metal used for roofing
and wall panels.
Both classes of anodized aluminum can
perform in coastal climates, but a Class 1
will provide the best performance. Class 2
would be suitable for rural and urban areas
and areas not subject to abrasion or wear
and exposure to corrosive elements.
Fluoropolymer Finishes (Kynar®)
Kynar® finishes are used mostly for coilcoated
metals, such as galvanized steel,
Galvalume, and aluminum and can be used
on extruded aluminum. These finishes
come in 50 percent Kynar®
resin and 70 percent Kynar®
resin, but nothing less than
70 percent should be
considered. Kynar®
systems also come in
two-coat and three-coat
systems, with the third
coat being clear. Both
systems perform well;
however, the three-coat
system has the edge for
overall performance, especially
for gloss and color
retention. Kynar® finishes
are also difficult to match
and touch up. Kynar® is ideal
for thin sheet metal used for roofing and
siding, etc., because, contrary to popular
belief, it is relatively soft, which allows it
to expand and contract with the metal. Most
manufacturers of Kynar® finishes offer longterm
(up to 20 years and more) finish warranties.
There are new generations of fluoropolymers
that can be both shop-applied and
field-applied, are easy to touch up, seem to
perform as well as previous generations,
and have finish warranties that often
include the touch ups.
www.rci-mercury.com
MA R C H 2007 I N T E R FA C E • 3 9
THE VALUE OF A GOOD SHOP PRIMER
SHOULD NOT BE OVERLOOKED
BECAUSE IT WILL BE THE ONLY
PROTECTION FOR THE METAL
BEFORE IT RECEIVES THE FINISH
COATS AT THE JOB SITE.
POWDER COATINGS
Powder coatings are significantly different
from conventional coatings. Conventional,
wet-type, shop-applied coatings consist
of solids (including the resins, binders,
and pigments) that are suspended in a solvent.
These coatings are applied in liquid
form by spray, brush, or roller. After the solvent
evaporates, the solids are left behind to
form the protective coating.
A powder coating is applied while in the
dry, solid state. Two common types of powder
used for powder coatings are thermoplastic
and thermosetting. Thermoplastic
powder can be re-melted and cooled repeatedly
after initially setting. A thermosetting
powder cannot be re-melted after initial setting.
Two common methods of application are
dipping and spraying. During dipping, the
component is either lowered into a tank
filled with powder coating that is fluidized
and usually electrostatically charged. The
electrostatic charge ensures better adhesion
between the powder and the component.
During spraying, an electrostatically
charged powder is sprayed on a component.
Like dipping, the dry powder electrically
bonds to the component. After dipping or
spraying, the components are moved to an
oven where the powder melts to form a continuous
and uniform protective coating.
The powders are available in different
generic formulations to meet specific applications,
such as corrosion, abrasion, and
impact resistance; electrical insulation
properties, etc. A wide selection of colors is
available. The complete, continuous, and
uniform application plus the corrosion
resistance of powder coatings make them
suitable for a coastal environment.
Cris Crissinger has completed the NACE course of instruction
in Protective Coatings and Corrosion Control and is a
Construction Materials Specifier with 22 years of experience.
As a partner with McMillan Smith and Partners Architects in
Spartanburg, Greenville, and Charleston, SC, he evaluates
new products and develops all written construction specifications
for the firm. His responsibilities also include facility
assessment, field investigations, and the coordination of
internal training programs. Mr. Crissinger is a Certified
Construction Specifier, a Certified Construction Contracts Administrator, and a member
of the Construction Specifications Institute, the Building Performance Committee of
ASTM, and the Design and Construction Division of the American Society for Quality.
He is the winner of the 2006 Horowitz Award for his contributions to Interface journal.
Joseph “Cris” Crissinger, CCS, CCCA
CLASSIFIEDS
Find more classified ads online at:
www.rci-online.org/mem-rcitems.htm
LOOKING FOR RRC based in Minnesota
with travel in U.S. Pay based on experience.
Please call Kurt at 612-333-1481.
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated, a worldwide leader in single-ply
roofing technology, has openings for sales positions
nationwide. Join the Carlisle SynTec team and experience
rewarding opportunities and growth in the roofing industry.
The position involves managing and directing the sales
efforts of the regional manufacturer’s representatives and
distributors, promoting Carlisle to all levels of the rep/
distributor organization. Must be confident calling a wide range
of contacts in the industry to manage and grow the business.
Managing, supervising and directing Carlisle sales efforts is
essential; strong sales support is necessary. Calling on
building owners, architects and consultants to develop Carlisle
specifications and educate them about Carlisle’s various
systems and products. Must interface with other company
departments to achieve sales objectives.
Candidates must possess a bachelor’s degree, 5 years of sales
experience in roofing/construction industry, 3 years
experience with single-ply roofing products, 2 years
experience in management.
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated offers a competitive benefits
package. For information about positions with Carlisle SynTec
Incorporated, visit the Web site at www.carlisle-syntec.com
To join Carlisle SynTec’s team, please send your resume to:
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated
P.O. Box 7000 • Carlisle, PA 17013
Or apply online at www.carlisle-syntec.com under
Employment Opportunities.
SALES
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated, a worldwide leader in
single-ply roofing technology, has openings for Field
Service Representatives. If you are interested in
exploring new opportunities and growing with a
reputable corporation, join Carlisle SynTec Incorporated’s
dedicated team.
Applicants must possess excellent communication skills
to provide authorized roofing applications with technical
assistance and conduct final inspections of commercial
roofing projects. Some overnight travel required.
A bachelor’s or associates degree and 2 years roofing/
construction experience, or equivalent of 4 years
roofing/construction experience is required. Basic
computer skills are necessary.
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated offers a competitive
benefits package, including 401k, medical/dental
prescription drug, life insurance, flex spending, holiday
and vacation pay. For information about positions with
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated, visit the Web site at www.
carlisle-syntec.com.
To join Carlisle SynTec’s team, please send your resume to:
Carlisle SynTec Incorporated
P.O. Box 7000 • Carlisle, PA 17013
Or apply online at www.carlisle-syntec.com under
Employment Opportunities.
FIELD SERVICE
REPRESENTATIVE
40 • I N T E R FA C E MA R C H 2007
FM APPROVALS’
ROOFNAV® NOW FREE
Roofing professionals, architects,
and specifiers now can obtain free,
unrestricted access to RoofNav, FM
Approvals’ former subscription-based
Web roofing tool that simplifies the
configuration and assembly of FMApproved
roofs and provides users
with the most up-to-date details on
FM Approved roofing products and
assemblies.
The decision was made to offer
RoofNav free of charge to better support
the needs of the roofing industry
– specifically to take the guesswork
out of configuring an FM-Approved
roof without cost being a barrier, and
to help prevent roofing-related property
losses due to human error.
To gain free access and prerecorded
online training sessions on
how to get the most use out of
RoofNav, register at
www.roofnav.com.
Coming in Part II:
SURFACE PREPARATION
AND APPLICATION